mezcal? What is Tequila?
what Mezcal is, we must first look up the ethimological definitions from
the nahuatl dialect, “Melt” and “Ixcalli” which mean “oven cooked agave”.
On the other hand, there is the scientific definition which is registered
in the Oficial Mexican Mezcal Regulation: “Alcoholic beverage obtained by
the distillation and rectification of juices prepared directly with the
sugars extracted from matured agave heads, which have been previously
boiled and subjected to alcoholic fermentation”.
What is the difference between Tequila and Mezcal?
Only blue agave is used for tequila, whereas different varieties of agave
can be used to make Mezcal. On the other hand, Tequila can only contain
51% of agave, whereas Mezcal must be made of 100% agave. “Tequila is a
type of Mezcal and its proper name is Mezcal of Tequila”.
What is agave and what kind is Mezcal Jaral de Berrio made from?
Agave is the name by which maguey is known. It is a plant with a
maturation process of 8 to 12 years, and once it is used it perishes. Blue
agave is used for Tequila. Espadin is the agave used by the people in
Oaxaca to produce their Mezcal. In Jaral de Berrio, the maguey which is
used is a variety of Salmiana that has growth naturally in the region for
centuries. It is twice as large and has shades of green.
How is Mezcal made?
After a period of 8 to 12 years maturation, the agave blades are striped,
leaving only the agave heads. These are placed in a steam-heated oven. The
process lasts for three days, after which they present a deep brown color.
During this period the juices are trickled down to a container which is
stored. The cooked agave heads are moved to a stone grinder (known as
Tahona), where they are cut before they are ground. The juices extracted
here are run to fermentation basins and the husks are removed. The juices
from the cooking and the grinding process are mixed together with ferments.
The fermented product is moved for distillation. Once distilled, it is run
through a condenser and a basin to verify the grades of alcohol and ensure
that the remaining impurities, if any at all, are filtered out.
What is the alcoholic content in Mezcal Jaral de Berrio?
72 Proof (36% Alc. Vol) and 80 Proof (40% Alc. Vol)
What is the Guarrantee of Origin and what states and municipality have
been awarded with it?
Just like Cognac, Champagne, Port and other spirits, it is only possible
to obtain Mezcal from one region. In the protection decree, Guarantee of
Origin of Mezcal, only the states and municipalities within the following
geographical regions have been established:
The states of Guerrero, Oaxaca, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas,
municipality of San Felipe in the state of Guanajuato and eleven other
municipalities in the state of Tamaulipas.
Tequila Museum at Kukulcan Plaza Shopping mall in Cancun hotel zone